MCNs Are Falling in Value

Multi-channel networks (MCNs) are seeing their value fall as per-hour ad income for YouTube content is reaching its peak, according to research from Ampere Analysis.

The research finds that per-hour ad revenue for YouTube content has reached the same level as that of broadcast TV in the US, and is approaching equality with broadcast globally. However while per-hour ad revenue from YouTube has grown, Ampere believes that it has now reached its ceiling in some markets.

This is having a knock-on effect for MCNs – businesses which work with a range of content creators on platforms like YouTube to help with content production, promotion and monetisation. Ampere says that since per-hour revenue on YouTube appears to be peaking, the prospects for continued growth by these MCNs look slim, as they will struggle to derive much more income from their networks of creators.

“As YouTube reaches parity per hour viewed with broadcast TV, MCNs valuations have plummeted. The market has experienced a complete reversal from 2014 when MCNs were changing hands for vast sums on the promise of future profit,” said Richard Broughton, director at Ampere Analysis.

Ampere notes that for a few years back MCNs were changing hands for huge amounts of money, particularly as traditional broadcasters acquired them to diversify their digital offerings and claim a slice of the YouTube ad revenue pie. The researcher says that some were changing hands for values which were 25 or 30 times greater than their net incomes, based off a belief that these companies had potential for impressive continued growth.

Maker Studios for example attracted million in investment from Time Warner, before being bought by Disney for $500 million on 2014; Awesomeness TV was acquired by DreamWorks animation for $120 million in 2015, and ProSiebenSat.1’s Studio 71 was valued at $425 million last year after investment from TF1 and Mediaset.

Ampere’s data however shows that per-view valuations for these companies have dropped sharply. In 2014, the average valuation per monthly view for MCNs was $0.12 (i.e. for each additional monthly view, the company price at acquisition increased by 12 cents). This figure had halved by 2016 to $0.06, and has now dropped to $0.01. In essence, this means an MCN has to bring in twelves times as many views across its network of creators as it did four years ago in order to have maintained the same value.

This drop was evidenced recently as Awesomeness was sold to Viacom for $25 million plus debt, having been valued at $650 million in 2016.

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Analysis: Is Ooyala Worthless?

Stating that he “believe(s) it is appropriate to impair all of the goodwill associated with the business,” Telstra’s Stephen Elop announced last week his company is taking a $273 million Australian Dollar (AUD) impairment (or, in U.S. terms, a $214 million write-down) on Ooyala, which operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of the Australian telecommunications giant.

Elop’s announcement comes less than two years after Telstra CEO Andy Penn announced its first write-down against Ooyala’s valuation, a staggering-at-the-time $246 million AUD impairment.

The purchase price for Ooyala was approximately $380 million AUD ($331 million USD), based on several investments over the years, including a 23% investment stake for approximately $68 million AUD ($61 million USD) between 2012-2014, and an additional August 2014 investment of approximately $300 million AUD ($270 million USD) to net Telstra a total 98% ownership stake in Ooyala. That last investment was based on a 5x revenue valuation at the time.

In other words, Ooyala is, in financial terms, worthless. That’s a hard fall for a scrappy startup with Google alumni as founders that had touted its analytics platforms at a number of Streaming Media shows, and also the one that Telstra had declared would be “bigger than YouTube” in 2014.

Telstra claims that the true value it has to write down against Ooyala is much higher than the purchase price. Combined, the two Telstra impairments over the past two years add up to approximately $519 million AUD.

This extended impairment could be due, in part, to additional acquisitions and financial shoring up of Ooyala at the time of purchase. One such acquisition occurred just two months after Telstra acquired Ooyala, with Ooyala in turn purchasing Videoplaza, allowing Ooyala to rapidly get into the video advertising game.

Penn, who was CFO for Telstra at the time Ooyala was purchased, hired Elop in April 2016 to serve both as Ooyala’s chairman and also as Telstra’s Group executive of technology, innovation, and strategy.

If Elop’s name sounds familiar, you might remember him from early days at Adobe and Microsoft, or from a later stint at Nokia, where he served as the first non-Finnish CEO of the once-great handset maker. Microsoft acquired Nokia in 2013, bringing Elop back into the Microsoft fold, where he then served as an executive vice president of Microsoft’s devices group, integrating Nokia into the Windows Phone platform. During the 2013-2015 timeframe, Elop was rumored to be in line to replace Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer. However, in April 2015, after Satya Nadella succeeded Ballmer, Elop left Microsoft.

What’s left for Ooyala, and more importantly Telstra? During the most recent impairment announcement, Elop noted that Ooyala has two more key components beyond the advertising technology that was specifically noted in the impairment announcement.

“Ad tech has not performed well and we will therefore seek ways to exit that part of the business,” said Elop. “Importantly we do see a future in the other core parts of the Ooyala business—video player and the workflow management system.”

“The new Ooyala management team is making positive progress,” said Elop, noting that improvements could come “through improved booking trends, product quality, and reduced customer churn.”

Working the fundamentals will be key, but Ooyala has seemed to have trouble with even those things in recent years.

In an August 21 2016, Financial Review article titled “How Telstra Blew its First Silicon Valley Deal,” the responsiveness of other online video platform (OVPs) in the Asia Pacific (APAC) and Australian markets was praised and Ooyala’s failure to respond in a timely manner was panned.

“Brightcove promised to respond to any glitches within two hours,” the article noted, citing an interview with Fairfax Media video manager David McMillan. “In emergencies, someone would be available immediately. Its competitor, Ooyala, which was owned by Telstra, wasn’t so reliable. Emails sent to its Silicon Valley headquarters wouldn’t be returned for days, if at all.”

In the same article, after announcing the 246 million AUD impairment, Penn noted that “Ooyala’s video business isn’t succeeding and it is switching to a different way of making money.”

Apparently that way also didn’t work, which is more than a shame: Telstra’s dominance in the Australian market, coupled with Ooyala’s foresight to enter the APAC market early on—at a time when many other online video platforms (OVPs) were focused on North American and European customers—gave the Telstra-Ooyala combination a seemingly invincible one-two combination.

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